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Bahrain is a small island country situated near the western shores of the Persian Gulf. It is an archipelago, with the largest island being Bahrain Island. Saudi Arabia lies to the west and is connected to Bahrain by the King Fahd Causeway. Iran lies 200 km to the north of Bahrain, across the Gulf. There is a population of 1,234,571 inhabitants. The country's capital is Manama. Tourists are attracted to Bahrain for the weather, unique ambience, diving and water sports, local culture and the relaxed friendly atmosphere. Bahrain also has good shopping and minimal travel restrictions. The Qal'at al-Bahrain (the harbour and capital of the ancient land of Dilmun) and the Bahrain pearling trail were declared UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2005 and 2012. Due to the Persian Gulf area's low moisture, summers are very hot and dry. Summer temperatures may reach up to 50 °C. Rainfall mostly occurs in winter, with a recorded maximum of 71.8 mm.