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Israel is a parliamentary democracy in the Middle East, on the south-eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Egypt and the Gulf. Israel's financial centre is Tel Aviv, while Jerusalem is the country's most populous city and its capital. The population of Israel is 8,051,200 people. Israel offers a large range of historical and religious sites, beach resorts, archaeological tourism, heritage tourism and ecotourism. Israel has the highest number of museums per capita in the world. Temperatures in the country vary widely, especially during winter. The more mountainous regions can be windy, cold, and sometimes snowy; Jerusalem usually experiences snowfall at least once a year. Coastal cities, such as Tel Aviv and Haifa, have a typical Mediterranean climate with cool, rainy winters and long, hot summers. From May to September, rain in Israel is rare.