Madagascar is the 4th largest island country in the world and it is located in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Southeast Africa. It counts a total population of around 22 million people and its capital and largest city is Antananarivo. Madagascar's natural beauty and ecological diversity makes it feel like a country forgotten by time. Visitors can discover the numerous plant and animal species that can't be found anywhere else in the world. The climate in Madagascar is hot and sub-tropical, while colder in the mountains, and particularly dry in the south and west regions. The wet season which is mainly in December is also the hottest time of the year with average maximums of 28°C during the day and lows of 17°C during the night. The coolest month is July with daily average temperatures between 9°C to 21°C.