For a few years, we have been observing that certain areas south of the Arctic, notably in Alaska, in Canada, or even in Russia, are experiencing milder than normal temperatures. Following this progressive warming, new plant life is seeing the light of day, which perplexes scientists.

In fact, if the rise in temperatures of these regions persists, an all new ecosystem will form. At least that is what a study published in Nature ClimateChange reveals. In this study, Richard G. Pearson and his team confirm that the presence of trees in the Arctic could increase by more than 50% in a couple of decades since Arctic temperatures have recently been rising twice as fast compared to the rest of the world.

Indeed, the more the temperature increases, the more the vegetation grows, which leads to even higher temperatures, and so on; an endless cycle takes effect. This phenomenon is explained by the “albedo” effect. Looking at the advantages of this effect, we understand that a surface without snow absorbs more heat than a surface with snow, which sends sunrays back into the atmosphere like a mirror.

The problem is that if the temperature of the Arctic cannot regulate itself because of the vegetation that has taken root, we might see some species of animals completely disappear causing the environment and the food chain to be turned upside down.

This study once again reinforces everyone’s concerns for the future of our planet, however, this time, it allows us to measure a little more concretely the impact of our bad habits on the environment.